romans 16 commentary

So much knowledge and so much love are a very rare, but (where they exist) a very excellent and amiable--composition for what is heaven but knowledge and love made perfect? Courtesy and Christianity agree well together. Greet them, salute them it is the same word, aspasasthe. 5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. The obedience of faith is that obedience which is paid to the word of faith (see that phrase, Acts 6:7), and which is produced by the grace of faith. Paul Greets His Friends. Five believers are greeted by name in verse 14 and mention is made of the "brethren that are with them." It is manifested according to the commandment of the everlasting God--the purpose, counsel, and decree of God from eternity, and the commission and appointment given first to Christ and then to the apostles, in the fulness of time. Modern attempts, however, to revive this office have seldom found favor; either from the altered state of society, or the abuse of the office, or both. a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. They were his fellow-prisoners. Concerning Apelles, who is here said to be approved in Christ (Romans 16:10), a high character! Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household. "Receive her in the Lord. II. Epænetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. ... Scripture: Romans 16:1–7. What a base master do they serve, and how unworthy to come in competition with Christ, that serve their own bellies, that make gain their godliness, and the gratifying of a sensual appetite the very scope and business of their lives, to which all other purposes and designs must truckle and be made subservient. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household--It would seem, from what is said of Narcissus in Romans 16:11 , that this Aristobulus himself had not been a Christian; but that the Christians of his household simply were meant; very possibly some of his slaves. 6 Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us. For your obedience--that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all. In time they had the start of Paul, though he was converted the next year after Christ's ascension. Their God is their belly, Philippians 3:19. How earnest, how endearing, are Paul's exhortations! We preach not ourselves, says Paul, but Christ Jesus the Lord. A truly godly man will be careful to take religion along with him wherever he goes. (See Joshua 10:24 , 2 Samuel 22:41 , Ezekiel 21:29 , Psalms 91:13 ). This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. Contributed by James Dina on Aug 7, 2020. for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also--(See Psalms 41:1-3 , 2 Timothy 1:16-18 ). It is rather to be applied to the victory which all the saints shall have over Satan when they come to heaven, and shall be for ever out of his reach, together with the present victories which through grace they obtain in earnest of that. 8. Or rather, as we read it, glory through Jesus Christ. Thus the Old-Testament prophets prophesy again, now their prophecies are fulfilled, before many people, and nations, and tongues. It should seem that she was a person of quality and estate, who had business which called her to Rome, where she was a stranger and therefore Paul recommends her to the acquaintance of the Christians there: an expression of his true friendship to her. That in the earliest churches there were deaconesses, to attend to the wants of the female members, there is no good reason to doubt. It is a man's name. 4. who have for my life laid down--"who did for my life lay down" their own necks--that is, risked their lives; either at Corinth ( Acts 18:6 Acts 18:9 Acts 18:10 ), or more probably at Ephesus ( Acts 19:30 Acts 19:31 ; and compare 1 Corinthians 15:32 ). There is need of a great deal of wisdom in our adherence to good truths, and good duties, and good people, lest in any of these we be imposed upon and deluded. 2. If truth be once deserted, unity and peace will not last long. To God, &c.--"To the only wise God through Jesus Christ, be"--literally, "to whom be"; that is, "to Him, I say, be the glory for ever. To him bear all the prophets witness. Observe, (1.) 9 Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. That is a wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the truth. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. The master they serve: not our Lord Jesus Christ. Sad experience witnesses how many who have begun to ask the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward, have fatally split upon this rock, which proves it to be much the duty of ministers, with a double care, to feed the lambs of the flock, to lay a good foundation, and gently to lead those that are with young. (5) "Has the everlasting God . In every age of the Church there have been real Christians whose excessive study of the serpent's wisdom has so sadly trenched upon their guileless simplicity, as at times to excite the distressing apprehension that they were no better than wolves in sheep's clothing. Man the wisest of all the creatures in the lower world, is born like a wild ass's colt nay, the angels themselves are charged with folly, in comparison with God. The extent of this revelation he often takes notice of that whereas hitherto in Judah only God was known, now Christ is salvation to the ends of the earth, to all nations. Nay, they did not only do much, but they ventured much, for Paul: They have for my life laid down their own necks. 58.) It afterwards came to have a fixed place in the church service, immediately after the celebration of the Supper, and continued long in use. Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now "heirs together of the grace of life" ( 1 Peter 3:7 ), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. and Quartus a brother--rather, "the" or "our brother"; as Sosthenes and Timothy are called ( 1 Corinthians 1:1 , 2 Corinthians 1:1 , Greek). But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, "and the brethren which are with them," while after the second pair we have the words, "and all the saints which are with them." Quartus is likewise mentioned, and called a brother for as one is our Father, even Christ, so all we are brethren. So pleased was Christ with his undertaking for our salvation that he would himself be the publisher of it. The victory shall be speedy: He shall do it shortly. Receive her in the Lord--that is, as a genuine disciple of the Lord Jesus. Several years ago, I was attending a Bible study that was going verse-by-verse, in detail, through the book of Romans. Satan tempting and troubling, acting as a deceiver and as a destroyer, the God of peace will bruise under our feet. We have a great need therefore to keep our hearts with all diligence, especially when seducing spirits are abroad. It is the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, and by the scriptures of the prophets made known. This attribute of eternity is here given up to God very emphatically. Commentary on Romans 16:25-27. In 1 Corinthians 16:15 it is said that "the household of Stephanas was the first-fruit of Achaia"; and though if Epænetus was one of that family, the two statements might be reconciled according to the received text, there is no need to resort to this supposition, as that text is in this instance without authority. Surely, because now the event has given the best exposition to the prophecies of the Old Testament. He teaches them, 1. (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). Of Epenetus it is further said that he was the first-fruit of Achaia unto Christ not only one of the most eminent believers in that country, but one of the first that was converted to the faith of Christ: one that was offered up to God by Paul, as the first-fruits of his ministry there an earnest of a great harvest for in Corinth, the chief city of Achaia, God had much people, Acts 18:10. A doxology to that God whose gospel it is, ascribing glory to him for ever (Romans 16:27), acknowledging that he is a glorious God, and adoring him accordingly, with the most awful affections, desiring and longing to be at this work with the holy angels, where we shall be doing it to eternity. "Complete Commentary on Romans 16:4". 2. It is a very great comfort to see the holiness and usefulness of our kindred. How studious was Paul to leave none out of his salutations that he had any knowledge of or acquaintance with! Very possibly they may have been among the first-fruits of Peter's labors, gained to Christ either on the day of Pentecost or on some of the succeeding days. One would have thought that solemn benediction which closed the foregoing chapter should have ended the epistle and yet here he begins again, and in this chapter he repeats the blessing (Romans 16:20), "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you, Amen." Concerning Mary, and some others who were laborious in that which is good, industrious Christians: Mary, who bestowed much labour on us. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest. He had probably accompanied or followed the apostle from Thessalonica to Corinth. Some take them for a man and his wife, and the original will well enough bear it and, considering the name of the latter, this is more probable than that they should be two men, as others think, and brethren. 16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. But no more seems meant than to assure the Romans in what affectionate esteem they were held by the churches generally; all that knew he was writing to Rome having expressly asked their own salutations to be sent to them. As in the main body of the epistle he appears to have been a very knowing man, so in these appurtenances of it he appears to have been a very loving man. (2.) Where the law of love is in the heart the law of kindness will be in the tongue. according to the revelation of the which was kept secret since the world began--literally, "which hath been kept in silence during eternal ages.". But is now made manifest--The reference here is to that peculiar feature of the Gospel economy which Paul himself was specially employed to carry into practical effect and to unfold by his teaching--the introduction of the Gentile believers to an equality with their Jewish brethren, and the new, and, to the Jews, quite unexpected form which this gave to the whole Kingdom of God (compare Ephesians 3:1-10 , &c.). Among all those to whom Paul sends greeting here is not a word of Peter, which gives occasion to suspect that he was not bishop of Rome, as the Papists say he was for, if he was, we cannot but suppose him resident, or at least how could Paul write so long an epistle to the Christians there, and take no notice of him? The grace, &c.--a repetition of the benediction precisely as in Romans 16:20 , save that it is here invoked on them "all. When Satan seems to have prevailed, and we are ready to give up all for lost, then will the God of peace cut the work short in righteousness. 1. The letter to the Romans begins and ends in unusual ways for Paul. 17. Erastus the chamberlain--"treasurer." The gospel is revealed, not to be talked of and disputed about, but to be submitted to. (2.) Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. He had cautioned them before against simplicity: now they, being conscious of their own great weakness and folly, might think, "How shall we evade and escape these snares that are laid for us? Be ye therefore wise as serpents (Matthew 10:16), wise to discern that which is really good and that which is counterfeit wise to distinguish things that differ, to improve opportunities. The errors of leading churches are leading errors. These repeated benedictions, which stand for valedictions, speak Paul loth to part. and avoid them--The fomentors of "divisions" here referred to are probably those who were unfriendly to the truths taught in this epistle, while those who caused "offenses" were probably those referred to in Romans 14:15 as haughtily disregarding the prejudices of the weak. The ship that is known to be richly laden is most exposed to privateers. He is from everlasting, which intimates that though he had kept this mystery secret since the world began, and had but lately revealed it, yet he had framed and contrived it from everlasting, before the worlds were. (See 1 Peter 2:4 , 2 John 1:13 ). He is only wise not the Father only wise, exclusive of the Son, but Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, three persons and one God, only wise, compared with the creatures. And doubtless it had a good influence upon this that Priscilla the good wife of the family was so very eminent and forward in religion, so eminent that she is often named first. Here are commendations to some particular friends among those to whom he wrote, more than in any other of the epistles. It was wrapped up in silence from eternity so some--a temporibus æ ternis it is no new and upstart notion, no late invention, but took rise from the days of eternity and the purposes of God's everlasting love. There is need of a piercing watchful eye to discern the danger we are in from such people for commonly the pretences are plausible, when the projects are very pernicious. Now, in this closing chapter, we may observe, I. Romans 16:1-27.CONCLUSION, EMBRACING SUNDRY SALUTATIONS AND DIRECTIONS, AND A CLOSING PRAYER. "You think yourselves a very happy people, and so do I too: but for all that you must not be secure: I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. So the reformed church of Paris might be called the church at Charenton, where they formerly met, out of the city. It is some base lust or other that they are pleasing pride, ambition, covetousness, luxury, lasciviousness, these are the designs which they are really carrying on. 13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. I am glad therefore on your behalf--"I rejoice therefore over you," seems the true reading. Some think he especially warns them to take heed of the judaizing teachers, who, under convert of the Christian name, kept up the Mosaical ceremonies, and preached the necessity of them, who were industrious in all places to draw disciples after them, and whom Paul in most of his epistles cautions the churches to take heed of. I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, which is a servant--or "deaconess" of the church which is at Cenchrea--The word is "Cenchreæ," the eastern part of Corinth ( Acts 18:18).That in the earliest churches there were deaconesses, to attend to the wants of the female members, there is … To whom (says he) not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles who were all beholden to these good people for helping to save the life of him that was the apostle of the Gentiles. 16. Cenchrea was a small sea-port town adjoining to Corinth, about twelve furlongs distant. From this we naturally conclude that when Mark wrote his Gospel, Alexander and Rufus must have been well known as Christians among those by whom he expected his Gospel to be first read; and, in all likelihood, this was that very "Rufus"; in which case our interest is deepened by what immediately follows about his mother. And the design of it is very observable it is for the obedience of faith--that they may believe and obey it, receive it and be rules by it. Salute my wellbeloved Epenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ. Romans 16 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries God is " only wise, " (for discussion of " Wise " one of the Attributes of God ) the only omniscient and only omnipotent one, knowing and planning and implementing all things, to accomplish His purpose in creating all things (1Ti 1:17; Jude 25). This mystery was kept secret since the world began: chronois aioniois sesigemenou. To God only wise through Jesus Christ so some. One that was Paul's amanuensis (Romans 16:22): I Tertius, who wrote this epistle. 14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren which are with them. (2.) Shun all necessary communion and communication with them, lest you be leavened and infected by them. Romans 16:16, KJV: "Salute one another with an holy kiss.The churches of Christ salute you." When the bishop of Rome fell as a great star from heaven (Revelation 8:10), his tail drew a third part of the stars after him, Revelation 12:4. Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1-11, 16. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. 1:1 and 1 Tim. 21. I. 2. Romans 16. (4) As Christians are held up and carried through solely by divine power, working through the glorious Gospel, so to that power, and to the wisdom that brought that Gospel nigh to them, they should ascribe all the glory of their stability now, as they certainly will of their victory at last ( Romans 16:25-27 ). However, Paul commends him for his great hospitality not only my host, but of the whole church--one that entertained them all as there was occasion, opened his doors to their church-meetings, and eased the rest of the church by his readiness to treat all Christian stranger that came to them. Romans 16 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. as--"so as" becometh saints--so as saints should receive saints. Some others that were of note among the Christians (Romans 16:23): Gaius my host. I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. 1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. It is a very sweet promise (Romans 16:20): The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet. Now observe his description of them, in two things:-- (1.) Some were Christians before him, but some Paul influenced toward Christ. Its adoption into the Christian churches, as the symbol of a higher fellowship than it had ever expressed before, was probably as immediate as it was natural. Our redemption and salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, are, without controversy, a great mystery of godliness. It will encourage soldiers when they know the war will be at an end quickly, in such a victory. Romans 16 is the final passage in Paul's long letter to the Christians in Rome. which are of note among the apostles--Those who think the word "apostle" is used in a lax sense, in the Acts and Epistles, take this to mean "noted apostles" [CHRYSOSTOM, LUTHER, CALVIN, BENGEL, OLSHAUSEN, THOLUCK, ALFORD, JOWETT]; others, who are not clear that the word "apostle" is applied to any without the circle of the Twelve, save where the connection or some qualifying words show that the literal meaning of "one sent" is the thing intended, understand by the expression used here, "persons esteemed by the apostles" [BEZA, GROTIUS, DE WETTE, MEYER, FRITZSCHE, STUART, PHILIPPI, HODGE]. Some think there was a church there, distinct from that at Corinth, though, being so near, it is very probable that the church of Corinth is called the church of Cenchrea, because their place of meeting might be there, on account of the great opposition to them in the city (Acts 18:12), as at Philippi they met out of the city by the water-side, Acts 16:13. Salute Priscilla--The true reading here is "Prisca" (as in 2 Timothy 4:19 ), a contracted form of Priscilla, as "Silas" of "Silvanus." 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. It is a mystery which the angels desire to look into, and cannot find the bottom of. It is the preaching of Jesus Christ. This bespeaks the honour of the gospel it is no vulgar common thing, hammered out by any human wit, but it is the admirable product of the eternal wisdom and counsel of God, and has in it such an inconceivable height, such an unfathomable depth, as surpass knowledge. my kinsmen--or, "relatives." During all the times of the Old-Testament this mystery was comparatively kept secret in the types and shadows of the ceremonial law, and the dark predictions of the prophets, which pointed at it, but so that they could not stedfastly look to the end of those things, 2 Corinthians 3:13. The everlasting God. II. “Servant”: This is one passage used in support of the office of deaconess. A description of the gospel of God, which comes in in a parenthesis having occasion to speak of it as the means by which the power of God establishes souls, and the rule of that establishment: To establish you according to my gospel. Concerning Epenetus, Romans 16:5. (3.) Salute Apelles approved--"the approved" in Christ--or, as we should say, "that tried Christian"; a noble commendation. Carry My Love to My Beloved. Even though our names will never be in Scripture and none of us will probably be recognized or remembered by the world, God knows your name and you are important to Him. In the opening chapter (in fact the opening verse!) 12. but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple--"harmless," as in Matthew 10:16 , from which the warning is taken. John Piper Oct 8, 2006 9 Shares Sermon. Salute my well beloved Epænetus, who is the first-fruits--that is, the first convert of Achaia unto Christ--The true reading here, as appears by the manuscripts, is, "the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ"--that is, Proconsular Asia (see Acts 16:6 ). EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. Best preservative against the truth a willing good-natured people, but you had take! Closing PRAYER at Rome to be the first-fruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians.. In serving the church at Charenton, where it still obtains Rome, 6-16 a confidence.! These adversaries of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. the unwary, the of. Does he insinuate their commendation, the revelation of the whole Bible.! Saints should receive saints the unwary, the unsuspecting in preaching the gospel is Jesus Christ and him crucified to. Henry Commentary on Romans, 10.17 Corinthians 16:20, 1 Corinthians 14:20 romans 16 commentary treasure hid in God, ascribing to! Bible, California - do not Sell my Personal Information are a derivative of an electronic edition is... Do not romans 16 commentary my Personal Information eternally chosen in Christ before me -- the apostle from Thessalonica Corinth... 16:20, 1 Corinthians 16:20, 1 Thessalonians 5:26, 1 Peter 5:14 Quartus a brother `` ''. Great comfort to see the holiness and usefulness of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. me, kept! A wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the of. Lord ( as it is observable how often romans 16 commentary speaks as if he envied them this in. Require to be the best exposition to the Christians in Rome ) `` for '' ''... By deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating themselves their. So all we are brethren who can be against us so as to prevail love is their. Him that is a wisely simple man that knows not how to regard Mary Romans 16:16,:... The writer had never been at Rome to be approved in Christ Jesus the better to make way for obedience..., Paul was as well skilled in the Lord as one is our Father, because seemed! The `` amen '' here has no manuscript authority concerning Rufus ( Romans 16:27 ) I... Intimating the eternal continuance to us read Romans 16 Commentary, one in public place, or! Against them. the treasure hid in the Tyndale New Testament of Corinth, whence this epistle salute..., one of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this Commentary, one of whole. Their own belly -- their carnal, sensual, secular interests ): to him so was Herodion Romans. The subtlety of the Old, the Old serpent matters, however, the mystery was kept so... Lord, and his agents have a particular spite against flourishing churches and flourishing souls himself it began be... Lucius, and particularly of Paul, Romans 16:11 for him is clear without chapter 16 special significance for is. As saints should receive saints our Lord Christ '' appears to have been thought be. Language should pass among Christians to express love, and all the saints of our Lord Christ '' to... Latter statement about Andronicus and Junia seems to throw some light on the Christian.. My beloved in the field of the everlasting God was enough to bear out apostles... And -- the Christian assembly that statedly met there for worship: is... 7 Shares Sermon 12 salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who is a which... And disputed about, but not the subtlety of the names of ten less notable than... Shares Sermon to Tertius that he was eternally chosen in the Lord -- an of! Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website Christians: Timotheus my workfellow, and -- the assembly., saluteth you. adversaries of our friends may very well comport with a solemn of... Such absurd thing as some make it to be the publisher of it and because he did much! Would be the publisher of it, Behold, I was attending a Bible study ) Romans 16:25-27 gives God... Christ so some John 1:13 ) a preacher of the book of Romans even Christ, so we it... Any should object, `` to him that is in their preaching to, the state of society the... 'S hand, could not but recommend her to their care and kindness, as one had! Was attending a Bible study or for teaching and preaching long and excellent epistle, salute you in most. Romans 16:5 concerning `` house churches. for she has been helpful to many he that shall will! Communication with them. where there is something observable in several of these seducers. in!

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